Casuarina Forest
Stands of Casuarina (Casuarina glauca) are often found at the margins of saltmarsh, clay pans and especially patches of marine couch (Sporobolus virginicus). Casuarina trees are able to cope with high levels of salinity and occasional tidal inundation. Due to coastal development the conservation status of this habitat is listed “as of concern”. The canopy provides habitat for birds, amphibians, reptiles and insects. When these trees flower and produce seeds they provide forage for birds including lorikeets and cockatoos, flying foxes as well as abundant insect life which attracts smaller perching birds including finches and the Golden Whistler. The understorey is often dominated by marine couch which provides food for the Eastern Grey Kangaroo, the Swamp Wallaby and many species of invertebrates. Casuarina produces high levels of litter which is transported into the adjacent wetlands during king tides thus providing food and energy to the inhabitants of the saltmarsh and mangrove habitats.

 

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